The Dangers of Playing the Lottery
A lottery is a game where people pay a small amount of money in order to win a much larger sum of money, sometimes running into millions of dollars. Lotteries are run by governments as well as private promoters. The amount of the prize depends on the size of the pool, which is the total value of tickets sold minus expenses (profits for the promoter, costs of promotion, taxes or other revenues) and the cost of the prizes. The lottery may also offer multiple prizes of equal value.
A major goal of lotteries is to provide funding for public goods and services that cannot be financed through ordinary taxation. Lotteries were particularly popular in the immediate post-World War II period, when states could expand their array of social safety nets without imposing especially onerous taxes on middle and working class residents. But these days, with inflation eating away at the buying power of the average wage, state and local budgets are increasingly squeezed. Lotteries are a common way to raise funds for all sorts of things, from fixing roads and schools to building new stadiums and museums.
Although many people realize that their chances of winning the lottery are extremely slim, there are still some who continue to play for the chance of becoming rich and famous. Some of them even form syndicates, which allows them to buy more tickets and increase their chances of winning. But the fact is that, for most people, a small win in the lottery will not improve their life significantly. It might make them feel better about themselves for a couple of minutes or hours, but that’s all.
Shirley Jackson’s story “The Lottery” illustrates that a lottery can be a terrible thing, not just for the person who wins it, but for everyone else. The story is a warning about the dangers of blind conformity, and highlights the need to keep questioning and challenging oppressive systems and traditions.
The story starts out with a picture of a small town’s annual lottery, an event that has become a part of the community’s culture and an important ritual to ensure a good harvest. The villagers gather on the village green, excited but nervous, and Old Man Warner quotes an old proverb: “Lottery in June, corn be heavy soon.” Yet by the end of the story, we see that this lottery is not all it’s cracked up to be. It is actually a terrifyingly cruel, and dangerous process.